Jeju International Architecture Forum 2018

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City and Tourism : Post Tourism for Sustainability

Jeju is an island with self-sustaining mechanisms. The system could soon be described as sustainability. Jeju's natural environment, formed by the eruption of marine volcanoes about two million years ago, was not abundant for people to live in. Volcanoes with strong winds and water seeping in easily, created a marine culture in which people ended up using the ocean. And it has developed its own culture by riding currents and interacting with other regions.

Also, Jeju, a volcanic island, has long been known as a popular tourist destination because of its geographical conditions, as well as its beautiful natural environment to be listed in UNESCO. Tourism has become a new economic factor for Jeju and has affected Jeju society and culture as a whole. However, with the recent influx of more than 10 million tourists, the existing social and urban systems have begun to collapse. This is the side effect of over-tourism, which is common to the world's most popular tourist cities.

So, what is the future direction of Jeju? What kind of self-made mechanisms can you draw the future of Jeju? It's a local identity. This identity has been recognized through historical passage of time by people living with the natural environment of the area. The identity of the village and the city in Jeju is the region of Jeju. The culture of architecture here is a good example of our identity. If Jeju's architectural culture is linked to the tourism industry, it will be a way to overcome the over-tourism, which can be seen as a healing process by Jeju's own mechanism. And the process of this mechanism will evolve into post-tourism combined with sustainability.